‘So’ and ‘such’ are often used incorrectly in English. Both so and such are used to ‘give emphasis’ – this means to show that something is ‘extreme’ or ‘more than’. For example – The concert was so good! It was such a good concert! In both cases, it wasn’t simply a ‘good’ concert, it was … Read more

The present simple passive

Tense Passive Form Passive Sentence Active Form Active Sentence Present simple am/are/is + past participle One form of technology or other is regularly used by most people on a daily basis, for example a mobile phone. base verb +s for he/she/it   Most people regularly use one form of technology or another on a daily … Read more

Using the passive in IELTS

Passive sentence structures are commonly used in formal writing. They are also used to describe processes, as may be required in the Academic IELTS test. The passive form can be used with most different tenses, though passive forms of the following tenses are not usually used: Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous Future Perfect Continuous … Read more

Summary of this lesson

In this lesson you should have learned… why the passive is important in the IELTS test how the passive is formed when the passive should be used how ‘used to’ and the passive can be combined Now take the end of lesson review

Essential vocabulary for this lesson

To complete this lesson, you will need to know the following vocabulary. When you are sure you know all the words, continue to the next page. TRANSITIVE VERB INTRANSITIVE VERB INVEST ENROL CORPORAL PUNISHMENT PROPOSED CURE LACK FACILITIES VULNERABLE VOLUNTEER RESTRICT

Aims of this lesson

By the end of this lesson, you will know: why the passive is important in the IELTS test how the passive is formed when the passive should be used how ‘used to’ and the passive can be combined

Relative clauses

Parts of a sentence that identify people, things or add some additional information are called relative clauses. They often begin with either a question word (who, what, where, which etc) or ‘that’. They can also start with pronouns; e.g. whose). Examples of relative clauses: He is the man who lives next door to me. The … Read more

Run-on sentences

Run-on sentences are very similar to comma splices in that there are two (or more) thoughts put together into a single sentence with no internal punctuation. He is a teenager he knows how to use modern technology. In many countries public transport is cheap some people still use their own cars. Studying online means you … Read more

Comma splices

Comma splices occur when two complete thoughts are joined together with just a comma but no linking word (e.g. ‘and’ or ‘but’). I was late for class, I had a good excuse. I don’t like the IELTS reading test, there isn’t enough time. Learning vocabulary is essential, it gets easier with practice. Comma splices can … Read more

Fragmented sentences

Fragmented sentences (also called ‘fragments’) occur when a sentence is missing an important word like a verb or subject. Here are some examples of fragments: The government’s responsibility. Asked the teacher for more homework. After he finished the test. The last one in the room. In the fragments above, we can see that the sentence … Read more