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Read the texts and answer the questions. Type your answers in the spaces provided.
Correct 6 / 6 PointsIncorrect / 6 Points
Letting agency availability
We currently have the following properties available for rent.
Address Number of bedrooms Price per month The local area Additional comments A 61 Marinich Street 3 $610 500 metres to Westfield shopping centre. Train station and bus station within easy walking distance. Fully furnished throughout but can be removed if required. B 12a Colling Road 2 $400 Near to local Primary and Secondary school. Local shops just around the corner. Recently redecorated with large living room. C ‘Clayfield’, Stockton Brook 2 $550 Set in the peaceful Wither Hills region. No local amenities. Large, fully fenced rear garden. Very quiet area. D 442c Tower Heights 1 $480 City centre, 2 minute walk from Regent Theatre. Easy walk to the Business District and set in the heart of the entertainment area E 22 Cornerstone Avenue 4 $600 Right beside Cornwallis Park and only a 10 minute walk to the centre of town House trained pets allowed in the house. F ‘The Glades’, Gering Lane 3 + 1 $550 Close to bus stop and local shops. Large property with free standing second cottage in the grounds.
Questions 1 – 6
Match the following people with the most suitable property. Write A-F on your answer. Use each letter only once.
- A professional couple who don’t own a car but enjoy the arts.
- A young couple who are moving into their first home together. They earn a good income together but do not have any of their own furniture.
- A brother and sister, with two of their friends (the friends have never met). One of the friends has a cat, which she has had for some time.
- A couple with a young child, but on a limited budget.
- A couple with two teenage children and the wife’s mother. The wife’s mother does not really want to live with her daughter but wants to be near the children.
- A recently retired couple with a dog. They have lived in the city for the last twenty years but are now looking for something more rural.
Correct 5 / 5 PointsIncorrect / 5 Points
Waitakere township newsletter
Welcome to this months newsletter for people living in the Waitakere area. There are a number of new announcements as well as further updates from items in the previous newsletter.
As there will be a public holiday on the 15th of the month, those residents that would normally have their domestic rubbish collected on the 14th and 15th will not have their rubbish collected until the 17th or 18th. However, plastic and glass recycling will still be collected as per the normal schedule.
Closure of Waitakere train station
Following on from the announcement about the permanent closure of the Waitakere train station planned for the end of the month, we are very pleased to announce that this may not go ahead after all. Thanks to overwhelming public support, the local council has now decided to reconsider their decision and will keep the station running for the next 6 months and will review the situation at that time. Meanwhile, we’d like to encourage all local residents to use the train whenever possible during this period.
Next month is the annual Waitakere festival, so we are currently collecting all submissions for stallholders so we can allocate spaces. Remember that the festival is about celebrating the local region, so preference will be given to those involved in local crafts or products although all applications will be considered. There will be live music throughout the day from a variety of local acts, as well as a guest artist who is currently touring the country.
Keep our area clean and tidy
Many people have written in over the last few months with comments about the rising amount of litter in Schofield Park, and also the level of graffiti in the area. We have passed these letters on to the council who will be considering what to do about improving the area. Meanwhile we will be doing a community cleanup next week, so get together with your friends and neighbours, bring a bin bag and meet at the north end of Schofield Park at 10am on Sunday the 8th. It will probably take about an hour, after which all volunteers will be invited for a complimentary tea or coffee at the village hall.
Questions 7 – 11
Do the following statements agree with the information given in the reading passage?
In boxes 7-11 on your answer sheet write
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this
- Recyclable refuse will not be collected on the 14th or 15th.
- The local train station will not be closing as initially planned.
- Stalls must be from the local area.
- Live music will be performed by an overseas band.
- Free hot drinks will be served to anyone in the community on Sunday the 8th.
Correct 6 / 6 PointsIncorrect / 6 Points
New employee handbook – leave entitlements
There are four forms of leave entitlement available to full time employees: annual leave, casual leave, sick leave and maternity or paternity leave.
Your employment contract will detail your holiday entitlement which is in addition to statutory holidays. Sanctioning of leave is at Management discretion and must be requested at least two months before the required period. Although we will aim to accommodate all reasonable requests, leave can be cancelled at any time, even if approved, depending on workload. Please liaise with your colleagues and your immediate supervisor to ensure that requested leave does not clash with other employees.
Staff members who have worked for the company for less than two years are not able to request specific dates for leave as priority is given to longer serving employees.
Also note that annual leave is not available in the first 12 months of employment. However, employees can ask to take paid annual holidays in advance where they do not have an entitlement – either because they have not completed 12 months of service, or because they have used all of their entitlement. In these circumstances, approval is at the discretion of the employer and leave will be unpaid.
Every employee may take up to 4 days a year as casual leave. This needs to be approved at least 24 hours before the day requested, and a maximum of two days may be taken at one time. The purpose of casual leave is to attend to emergency situations which may arise and is not intended to act as a holiday. Please note that should the company request evidence of the purpose of this leave, it must be provided or this will be considered a matter of misconduct and will be dealt with accordingly (see ‘Warnings and termination procedures’ on page 42 of this handbook).
In accordance with the current employment law, any period of sick leave beyond one day will require suitable paperwork from a registered medical practitioner. It is essential that your manager is contacted in cases where sick leave is taken, and on return to work a sick leave form must be completed and handed to the Human Resources department. Paid sick leave will cover three days per annum; additional sick leave taken beyond these three days will be unpaid.
Maternity / paternity leave
Maternity leave may be requested up to six weeks before the expected date of birth. If you plan to take maternity leave, you must submit your request to your manager at least three months before your expected date of birth. In certain cases maternity leave can start earlier. Your doctor can direct you to start your leave earlier if they believe it is necessary for the health of you or your baby. Your manager can also direct you to start maternity leave early if they feel that you cannot continue to do your job safely or cannot perform your job adequately.
Where the spouse/partner is an employee of the company, paternity leave may be applied for of either one week (for a spouse/partner who has worked for the company six months or less), or two weeks (or a spouse/partner who has worked for the company for more than six months). Paternity leave can be taken in the period between 21 days before the expected date of delivery and 21 days after the actual date of birth.
Statutory holidays and Christmas Holiday Closures
There are 7 statutory holiday days throughout the year. For any statutory holiday that lands on a weekend, staff will generally be given the option of working through the subsequent week and will be paid overtime, or taking the following Monday as paid leave.
For the Christmas period, the factory floor will be closed from the 22nd of December through to the 4th January inclusive. However, the accounts office and the head office will not close until the 23rd and will reopen on the 7th. Managerial staff will be able to access the building throughout the break, with the exception of December 25th and January 1st.
Should you need access to the building during this period, please ensure that you alert the security staff on the ground floor before going any further.
Questions 12 – 17
Complete the following sentences USING NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.
- The amount of annual leave is laid out in the
- Even leave that has been agreed may be stopped depending on
- Leave requested in the first year of employment will be
- After a period of sick leave, paperwork must be submitted to the .
- Early leave can be given to expectant mothers by the employees manager or .
- will be able to enter the company through most of the holiday period.
Correct 5 / 5 PointsIncorrect / 5 Points
Calrex Incorporated – credit card applications
This policy covers the use of CALREX Industries corporate credit cards and outlines the internal control mechanisms and rules of use.
Credit cards are an efficient method of paying accounts and are not an alternative source of funding. In most cases, payment to suppliers will be handled directly by the Finance Department.
Requesting a credit card
The National Bank is our exclusive supplier; no other provider’s credit card will be approved for issue to staff members. Requests for the issue of new corporate credit cards must be in writing and must identify the need for the issuance of a credit card and must clearly identify why other forms of payment are not convenient or not possible. The issue of new credit cards requires the written approval of the Director of Finance and Corporate Services and must be countersigned by the Chief Executive.
If approved, the card will be issued in the name of the employee requesting the card. An authorised credit limit will be placed on the card. The first issued card will be temporary, but requests for a permanent card will be considered after three months. Please note that a permanent card will be issued after consultation with the Director of Finance, and in extreme cases may require an interview.
Use of the card
The credit card is intended to allow employees to pay for goods and services incurred on behalf of the institute where alternative methods of payment are not convenient or possible. Applicants for a credit card will be required to sign a policy agreeing that the card will not be used for personal or unauthorised expenses.
Drawing cash is not permitted unless the cardholder is away from the office and their home for a minimum of 2 nights at the time cash is required, and the cash is required for genuine institute business purchases. Cash withdrawal purchases must be supported by appropriate invoice and receipt documentation.
Invoices and receipts
Where the invoice supplied does not clearly indicate that the expenditure is business-related, the purpose of the expenditure should be noted on the invoice by the card holder. Where a credit card is used for the purpose of entertaining, a brief note is required on the invoice or attached to the invoice outlining the purpose of the entertaining, the names of the card holder’s guests and their relationship with the institute.
Review of usage
Authorised staff from the Finance Department will undertake inspection of cardholder purchases on an ongoing but random basis. When additional documentation on a transaction is requested, this must be readily obtainable. In the event that the credit card policy has not been adhered to, the card(s) may be confiscated.
Those which have little or no usage in the preceding six month period may be cancelled. The results of the review together with recommendations will be presented to the Director of Finance and Corporate Services for action. Card holders who leave the employment of the institute will have their cards cancelled and must account for all outstanding expenditure incurred prior to their leaving date.
Abuse of the card
Institute credit cards are issued for genuine business expenditure only and must not be used for personal expenditure. Persons breaching this policy may expect withdrawal of the card, disciplinary action, including dismissal and, for wilful misuse, police action. In all cases of misuse, the institute reserves the right to recover any monies from the cardholder by appropriate legal means.
Questions 18 – 22
Select the correct letter A-C
18. Applications for company credit cards…
- will be dealt with by the National Bank.
- must be done in writing.
- can be submitted to make any payments to suppliers.
19. Issued cards…
- are only temporary.
- will not have a spending limit.
- will have the employees name on.
20. Employees with a company credit card…
- can withdraw cash when they are staying away from the institute for a night.
- must write on all invoices and receipts.
- can use the card for entertainment.
21. Usage of the card…
- will be reviewed at regular intervals.
- can be revoked for under-use.
- is optional for institute payments.
22. Employees with credit cards…
- are liable to repay any non-institute expenses.
- will not be required to sign a policy.
- must always submit further evidence of the validity of expenses.
Correct 18 / 18 PointsIncorrect / 18 Points
Reading Passage 3
The dawn of culture
In every society, culturally unique ways of thinking about the world unite people in their behaviour. Anthropologists often refer to the body of ideas that people share as ideology. Ideology can be broken down into at least three specific categories: beliefs, values and ideals. People’s beliefs give them an understanding of how the world works and how they should respond to the actions of others and their environments. Particular beliefs often tie in closely with the daily concerns of domestic life, such as making a living, health and sickness, happiness and sadness, interpersonal relationships, and death. People’s values tell them the differences between right and wrong or good and bad. Ideals serve as models for what people hope to achieve in life.
There are two accepted systems of belief. Some rely on religion, even the supernatural (things beyond the natural world), to shape their values and ideals and to influence their behaviour. Others base their beliefs on observations of the natural world, a practice anthropologists commonly refer to as secularism.
Religion in its more extreme form allows people to know about and ‘communicate’ with supernatural beings, such as animal spirits, gods, and spirits of the dead. Small tribal societies believe that plants and animals, as well as people, can have souls or spirits that can take on different forms to help or harm people. Anthropologists refer to this kind of religious belief as animism, with believers often led by shamans. As religious specialists, shamans have special access to the spirit world, and are said to be able to receive stories from supernatural beings and later recite them to others or act them out in dramatic rituals.
In larger, agricultural societies, religion has long been a means of asking for bountiful harvests, a source of power for rulers, or an inspiration to go to war. In early civilised societies, religious visionaries became leaders because people believed those leaders could communicate with the supernatural to control the fate of a civilization. This became their greatest source of power, and people often regarded leaders as actual gods. For example, in the great civilisation of the Aztec, which flourished in what is now Mexico in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, rulers claimed privileged association with a powerful god that was said to require human blood to ensure that the sun would rise and set each day. Aztec rulers thus inspired great awe by regularly conducting human sacrifices. They also conspicuously displayed their vast power as wealth in luxury goods, such as fine jewels, clothing and palaces. Rulers obtained their wealth from the great numbers of craftspeople, traders and warriors under their control, often leaving them with very little in the way of material possessions.
During the period in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Europe known as the Age of Enlightenment, science and logic became new sources of belief for many people living in civilised societies. Scientific studies of the natural world and rational philosophies led people to believe that they could explain natural and social phenomena without believing in gods or spirits. Religion remained an influential system of belief, and together both religion and science drove the development of capitalism, the economic system of commerce-driven market exchange. Capitalism itself influences people’s beliefs, values and ideals in many present-day, large, civilised societies. In these societies, such as in the United States, many people view the world and shape their behaviour based on a belief that they can understand and control their environment and that work, commerce and the accumulation of wealth serve an ultimate good. The governments of most large societies today also assert that human well-being derives from the growth of economies and the development of technology.
Rapid changes in technology in the last several decades have changed the nature of culture and cultural exchange. People around the world can make economic transactions and transmit information to each other almost instantaneously through the use of computers and satellite communications. Governments and corporations have gained vast amounts of political power through military might and economic influence. Corporations have also created a form of global culture based on worldwide commercial markets. As a result, local culture and social structure are now shaped by large and powerful commercial interests in ways that earlier anthropologists could not have imagined. Early anthropologists thought of societies and their cultures as fully independent systems, but today, many nations are multicultural societies, composed of numerous smaller subcultures. Cultures also cross national boundaries. For instance, people around the world now know a variety of English words and have contact with American cultural exports such as brand-name clothing and technological products, films and music, and mass-produced foods.
In addition, many people have come to believe in the fundamental nature of human rights and free will. These beliefs grew out of people’s increasing ability to control the natural world through science and rationalism, and though religious beliefs continue to change to affirm or accommodate these other dominant beliefs, sometimes the two are at odds with each other. For instance, many religious people have difficulty reconciling their belief in a supreme spiritual force with the theory of natural evolution, which requires no belief in the supernatural. As a result, societies in which many people do not practice any religion, such as China, may be known as secular societies. However, no society is entirely secular.
Reading Passage 3
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 23 – 40 which are based on Reading Passage 3.
Questions 23 – 29
Do the following statements agree with the opinion of the writer? Write
YES if the statement agrees with the writer
NO if the statement does not agree with the writer
NOT GIVEN if there is no information about this in the passage.
- People from all around the world are united by the way they think about culture.
- Our ‘values’ are the most important aspect of ideology.
- Secularism is the most widely accepted system of beliefs, values and ideals.
- Shamans act as intermediaries between spirits and the living.
- Agricultural societies benefited from religion.
- All the people from the Aztec civilisation were rich.
- In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, European people began turning towards science.
Questions 30 – 34
Complete the summary of the reading text using words from the box.
A: belief B: latter C: religion D: faith D: ascendancy E: former F: rational G: decline H: animism I: shaman
There are two main (30) systems which can contribute to our ideology – animism and secularism. The (31) can be said to dominate older civilisations and tribal societies, whereas larger, more contemporary societies have gone in a more (32) and scientific direction. One reason that explains the (33) of more secular beliefs is the importance given to other factors, such as free will and capitalism. Nonetheless, (34) remains at least to some degree even in the most secular of societies.
Questions 35 – 40
Answer the questions below using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.
- What are beliefs, values and ideals specific categories of?
- What was said to be necessary for the continuation of sunrise and sunset in ancient Mexico?
- In Europe, what title was given to the advance of science and logic?
- In addition to religion, what else influenced the development of capitalism?
- Before modern advances in technology, what did anthropologists consider societies to be?
- What theory is symbolic of the tensions between religion and science?